Geography of Mexico
Mexico lies at the southern extreme of North America and is bordered by the
Pacific Ocean to the west and south, and by the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean
to the east. Its border to the north is shared with the USA; and to the south
it borders Guatemala and Belize. Due to its varying altitudes, Mexico's landscape
ranges from tropical lowland jungle (namely the flat Yucatan Peninsula), to
high alpine vegetation and dry inland desert. Mexico is mountainous, with most
of the country lying at an altitude of over 1,000m.
Mexico is blessed with an incredible variety of natural environments and vegetation
areas. However, with population increase, many forested areas have been destroyed
and only one-fifth of the country remains green. Increased farming has invaded
the natural habitats of many wild animals, namely the coyote, puma and deer;
but smaller animals still abound and in the tropical forested south you can
still find monkeys, jaguars, wild pigs, anteaters and various tropical reptiles.
The broad central plateau, the Altiplano, is nestled in between mountain ranges
to the east and west which lie parallel to the coast. The northern region, occupying
nearly half of the total land mass of Mexico, is dry and sparsely populated.
The southern area is densely populated with volcanic mountains and lush valleys.
Mexico's climate varies, ranging from tropical to desert according to altitude.
Northern Mexico is a desert region with hot dry weather - although temperatures
can drop to below freezing in the colder months. The coast experiences hot humid
weather with a more temperate, dry climate as you move inland.
In winter (November - February) temperatures can drop drastically, especially
in the north where inland temperatures approach freezing. Most of the cold lands
are above 2,000m. Winds from the north also make inland northern Mexico very
icy. Summer is a very hot, humid time of year with lots of rain. Rainfall varies
greatly between regions. Only the Sierra Madre Oriental, the Isthmus of Tehuantepec
and the state of Chiapas in the far south receive any appreciable amount of
rain during the year. The rest of the country remains more or less dry.
Selection of hotels in this region:
NH Krystal Mexico City
Click below for a
full list of hotels and online booking