Geography of London
The Corporation of the City of London, usually called 'the City',
plus 32 boroughs, has two focal points: the historic City of London,
representing commercial power and wealth; and a western focal point
at the seat of the government and the monarchy, in Westminster.
The City is the old city of London and is the modern city's commercial
centre and is also referred to as the 'Square Mile' because of its
area. The 12 inner boroughs that surround the City are: Westminster,
Camden, Islington, Hackney, Tower Hamlets, Greenwich, Lewisham,
Southwark, Lambeth, Wandsworth, Hammersmith and Fulham, and Kensington
and Chelsea. Greater London includes; the area of the former county
of London, most of the former county of Middlesex, and areas that
were formerly in Surrey, Kent, Essex, and Hertfordshire.
London's life blood has always been the Thames, as a center of
trade and commerce. The city sprawls on both sides of the Thames
River - the principal River of England, 340kms long, with four headstreams:
the Thames or Isis, Churn, Coln, and Leach. In London, the river
is crossed by 27 bridges, including the new London Bridge, Westminster
Bridge, Waterloo Bridge, and Tower Bridge. There are two main tunnels
under the river in London, and one between Dartford and Purfleet,
as well as several footpaths and five railroad tunnels.
Another interesting aspect of London are the canals. Many are not
aware of the extensive canal system in London. The most famous being
the Regents Canal, which was built to link the Grand Junction Canal's
Paddington Arm, which opened in 1801, with the Thames at Limehouse.
Several extensive green areas are set aside, including Hampstead
Heath (North) and Wimbledon Common and Richmond Park in the Southwest.
The docklands lies to the east of the 'City', an area recently
redeveloped into a modern reclaimed area of high rise buildings
and apartments. The 'East end' is traditionally working class with
a distinctive character, and the historic suburb of Greenwich lies
to the Southeast. South London's 'commuter' suburbs arose during
rapid expansion at the end of the 19th century, while the leafy
Southwest is more upmarket. West and North London have several pockets
of ethnic minorities, interspersed with some 'posh' areas.
On a broader scale the city is situated at the head of the Thames
estuary and is at-least a 90 minute drive from any significant coastline.
Located in Southeastern England, it is bordered by Kent to the Southeast,
Sussex and Surrey to the South, Berkshire to the west, Buckinghamshire
to the Northwest, Northamptonshire and Hertfordshire the North and
Essex to the Northeast.
Click here for list
of hotels organised by London District
Click below for a
full list of locations and online booking