Geography of Harrogate
Harrogate District covers over 500 square miles of the Vale of York, which
has been a main thoroughfare for centuries. Prehistoric man set up mysterious
ceremonial circles and standing stones along the Vale, Roman legions marched
up and down it and the fortunes of the Civil War Royalists and Roundheads ebbed
and flowed over the countryside.
The Vale of York is crossed by the deep pastoral, often wooded dales of the
Washburn, Laver, Burn and the long majestic dale of the Nidd itself. The numerous
reservoirs add to the beauty of the dale. Rich, rolling and wooded pastoral
scenery, with stone settlements like Lofthouse and Kirkby Malzeard, contrasts
with bleak heather moorland, broken by craggy grit stone outcrops, including
the curious shapes of Brimham Rocks. To the east, in the wooded pasture lands
of the Skell Valley, stands the internationally renowned and much visited Studley
Royal, with the picturesque ruins of Fountains Abbey.
In this area, the landscape is dominated by its millstone grit geology, giving
it a typically dark, sometimes sombre appearance, which is reflected in the
stone of buildings and walls. Glaciation and the different levels of weathering
of the sand, shale and grit stones has produced some of the most dramatic features
in the area, such as the crags on valley sides and wide u-shaped valleys. This
is in sharp contrast to the green landscapes of the dales and upland fringes
running down to the dale.
Harrogate in fact, is divided into two villages: High and Low Harrogate. Historically,
High Harrogate has been in the parish of Knaresborough and diocese of Chester,
with Low Harrogate located in the parish of Panal and diocese of York. Both
villages have their respective mineral springs, with the principal Chalybeate
springs located in High Harrogate and the sulphurous and saline in Low Harrogate.
Although they are about a half a mile apart, the growth in the city and its
surrounding area is making it harder to make this geographical distinction of
High and Low.
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Selection of hotels in this region:
Cedar Court Hotel Harrogate
Majestic Hotel (Winter 2 Night Offer)
The Imperial Hotel
Harrogate Moat House
Harrogate Moat House and 15 days parking
The Crown Hotel
Old Swan Hotel
Rudding Park Hotel & Golf
Swallow St George Hotel
The Kimberley Hotel
Click below for a
full list of hotels and online booking