Discount Hotels Middlesborough
Historical interest: Middlesborough
'Mydilsburgh' is the earliest recorded form of Middlesbrough's name and dates
back to Saxon times. 'Burgh' refers to an ancient settlement or fort of pre-Saxon
origin and 'Mydil' was either the name of an Anglo-Saxon or a reference to Middlesbrough's
middle location, half way between the Christian centres of Durham and Whitby.
However, even during Anglo-Saxon times, Middlesbrough was still only a small
farm of twenty five people, as late as 1801.
In 1829 a group of Quaker businessmen headed by Joseph Pease of Darlington
purchased the Middlesbrough farmstead and its estate and set about the development
of what they termed 'Port Darlington' on the banks of the Tees nearby. A town
was planned on the site of the farm to supply labour to the new coal port and
Middlesbrough was born. Thus the town was 'created' rather than growing out
of an existing town or village.
By 1830, the Stockton and Darlington Railway was extended to Middlesbrough,
making way for the rapid expansion of the town and port, with it came wealth
and growth. Soon the town saw an explosion of workshops, labourers, merchants,
and craftsmen. The wharves were built to help the growing iron and steel industry
in the 1860s and 1870s and soon, Middlesbrough saw a doubling in its population
- explosive growth. In English history, nothing compares to Middlesbrough's
rapid growth and the town has been described as the 'oldest new town' in England.
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